Can you breast feed after breast reduction surgery?

While many women choose to wait until they’ve finished having children and breastfeeding before having a reduction, for others, this isn’t an option.

Other women may not have met someone they would like to have children with and wonder if they ever will. They don’t want to put off having their breast reduction for a scenario that may or may not eventuate.

Some women have a breast reduction without considering the impact it will have on future breastfeeding. For others, it just feels too abstract and irrelevant for where they are in their life at the time of surgery.

No doubt, you have your own story about why you want to have breast reduction and whether you want to breastfeed in the future.

I think it is important for women to make informed choices about their bodies that will support their wishes now but also in the long-term.

Right now, a baby may be the furthest thing from your mind, especially if you’re really young. However, I want you to have the knowledge you need to make an empowered decision that suits where you are now in your life, and that keeps your options open.

Why Breastfeeding is Important

I am a big advocate for breastfeeding; I breastfed for about five years in total. Breastfeeding was important to me, and I didn’t want to risk my ability to breastfeed by having my breast reduction surgery until after I’d finished having children.

That said, I don’t believe breastfeeding is always best when a mother and baby are not thriving. There are situations where breastfeeding needs to be supplemented or abandoned altogether. At the end of the day, the most important thing is the well-being of the mother and child.

There are a number of advantages to breastfeeding for both the baby and mother.

Benefits of Breastfeeding for the Baby

  • Breastfeeding is convenient, free, and always on hand
  • Breast milk is specially formulated for your baby and adapts to their needs
  • Breast milk contains antibodies that help your baby fight off viruses and bacteria
  • Breastfed babies normally have less gas and constipation
  • Breastfed babies normally have higher IQs
  • Breastfeeding lowers your baby's risk of having asthma or allergies
  • Babies who are breastfed exclusively for the first six months without any formula, have fewer ear infections, respiratory illnesses, and bouts of diarrhea
  • Breastfed babies tend to have few cavities
  • Breastfed babies benefit from being held more
  • Breastfeeding promotes healthy mother-baby bonding
  • Breastfeeding halves the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
  • Over the course of their lifetime, breastfed babies have a decreased risk of malnutrition, obesity and heart disease compared to formula fed babies

Benefits of Breastfeeding for the Mother

  • Better healing after delivery, as baby’s sucking causes the mother’s uterus to contract and reduces the flow of blood after delivery
  • Breastfeeding can help a woman lose weight gained during pregnancy
  • Mothers that breastfeed are less likely to develop breast cancer later in life
  • A vacation from menstruation while lactating
  • Breast feeding is more economical than bottle feeding
  • Breastfeeding promotes healthy mother-baby bonding
  • During breastfeeding, hormones are released, creating feelings of calm and warmth in the mother

“It is also important to remember that nursing is so much more than nutrition. By breastfeeding our babies, we meet a whole range of emotional needs as well. When we understand success in this way, we are aware of the power we have to make breastfeeding possible and to be wholly satisfied with whatever unique direction our breastfeeding relationship may take. It is this empowerment that gives us strength in vulnerable moments and keeps the knowledge uppermost in our minds that we alone determine what success will mean for us.”
Diana West

How Breast Reduction Affects Breast Feeding

The aim of breast reduction is to reduce the quantity of breast tissue. When this tissue is removed, milk ducts and glandular tissue are also removed, and can, therefore, impact whether breast milk can be produced. Many women, however, do successfully breastfeed after a reduction.

 

The type of surgery you have, along with any complications, will have a big impact on whether breastfeeding post-reduction is possible.

If you have a free nipple graft (FNG), you will not be able to breastfeed because it involves totally removing the nipple and areola. This is why a free nipple graft should be avoided if possible if you want to breastfeed. If for some reason, this is the only option available to you, you really want to breastfeed in the future, you may consider postponing your surgery until you have had children.

While a liposuction-only reduction does not normally affect breastfeeding, it only removes a limited amount of breast tissue and does not provide any lift to the breasts.

Pedicle surgical methods, such as the Vertical/Anchor or the Inverted-T/Lollipop, give you a high chance of breastfeeding because the areola and nipple function are normally maintained.

It is important to note that if you have your areola resized, there is a greater risk of damaging the nerves that are part of the letdown reflex (this is the reflex that tells your body to release milk).

The letdown reflex is important because it allows milk to be produced and stored in your breasts, ready for when your baby needs to feed. If your letdown reflex is affected or doesn’t occur, less milk gets removed from your breasts which can then impact your milk supply.

If you let your surgeon know you want to breastfeed when you have children, they can make sure enough of the areola complex remains in order to maximize your ability to breastfeed in the future.

There are no guarantees that just because you have a pedicle type of breast reduction, that you will be able to breastfeed. The truth is, you won’t know until you’re holding your sweet baby in your arms.

How Breastfeeding Affect Breast Size

Many women experience a change in the breasts during pregnancy as their body prepares for breastfeeding. Breasts will get bigger during pregnancy and may return to the size they were before you had surgery. This can be a scary prospect for many women, however, keep in mind that pregnancy increases breast size, not lactation. With or without surgery, your breasts are likely to increase during pregnancy. After the birth of your baby and the first few weeks of breastfeeding, your breasts should return to their pre-pregnancy size. If your breasts enlarge a lot during pregnancy, you may find you have more stretch marks afterwards.

Maximizing Milk Supply

Some women, whether they have had a breast reduction or not, experience milk supply issues. Women who have had a breast reduction often have a higher chance of having low milk supply. However, this doesn’t mean you can’t breastfeed. There are things you can do to try and increase your supply. And if necessary, you supplement breastfeeding with formula.

Things that affect milk supply include stress, medications, positioning and attachment of baby to the breast, diet and hydration.

To maximize your breast milk supply:

  • Consider natural pain relief options during labor if possible.
  • Have skin-to-skin contact with your baby as soon as you can after birth (even if you have a caesarean) – this not only helps you bond with your baby, it also impacts the hormones that help your milk come in.
  • Room-in with your baby, being in close proximity to your baby will likewise help with bonding and hormones, as well as enabling you to respond to your baby’s needs quickly.
  • Understand that breastfeeding is a skill - many women think they and their baby should know how to breastfeeding, but for most women, this isn’t true.
  • Make sure your baby is attaching to the breast properly – poor attachment leads to bleeding and painful nipples.
  • Stay hydrated – your body needs hydration to be able to create milk.
  • Get support – get advice and support from your midwife, lactation consultant, or doctor.
  • Try to relax and enjoy motherhood (even if you don’t know what you’re doing most of the time).
  • Avoid supplementing with formula if possible, if your baby is distressed and hungry, you may need to give them formula (just be aware that your milk supply can diminish if your baby doesn’t feed enough from your breast, creating further supply issues).
  • Supplement in ways that are supportive of breastfeeding. If you are supplementing with formula, you could try a Supplemental Feeding This is a feeding tube device that mimics breastfeeding (that advantage of this over a bottle is that the baby is less likely to develop breast refusal – which is where the baby prefers the ease of a bottle over the work of milking the breast, leading to refusing the breast).
  • You may need to try medication to increase your milk supply – some medical conditions can impact milk supply (such as diabetes or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, your doctor can prescribe medication that can increase your milk supply).
  • Try eating foods that may help with milk supply including oatmeal, salmon, spinach and beet leaves, carrots, fennel seeds, fenugreek seeds, garlic, sesame seeds, alfalfa and basil leaves.
  • Drink teas that may help increase your milk supply, such as special lactation teas (you would probably have to order these online), red raspberry leaf, alfalfa, fenugreek, black tea, anise seed, blessed thistle, and marshmallow root.

Define Your Own Success

We live in a world of constant judgment. As a new mother, you will undoubtedly receive advice from people with good intentions who only want what is best for you and your baby. Their advice will depend on their view of the world. Some will tell you to give up on breastfeeding because it’s too hard, especially if you have supply issues. Others may tell you your baby needs breast milk or they will be scarred for life. Breast reduction surgery often brings out a lot of judgment as well!

 

As women, we need to define our own success. If breastfeeding is important to you, then do it in whatever way works best for you.

Here’s a quote from the book, Defining Your Own Success: Breastfeeding After Breast Reduction Surgery by Diana West:

“Among women who have had breast reduction surgery and are now breastfeeding, it is often said that "We each define our own success." As it is used here, "success" is not an absolute term referring to a continuum of less to more milk produced. Rather, it is defined by the degree of satisfaction each woman and her baby derive from the breastfeeding relationship they create together. It is not determined by the amount of milk a woman produces. Each woman's experience of success will be different; some may be able to breastfeed exclusively, while others may need to supplement the baby's entire nutritional requirement."

My wish for you, and all mothers, is that you do what is right for you and your baby, and that you get the support you need.

Get More Information

Breastfeeding after a reduction is a big topic. To explore this issue more, you may like to check out these books:

  • Defining Your Own Success: Breastfeeding after Breast Reduction Surgery by Diana West
  • Breastfeeding after Breast and Nipple Procedures by Diana West and Elliot Hirsch
  • The Breastfeeding Mother’s Guide to Making More Milk by Diana West and Lisa Marasco

For more information on these books and on breastfeeding after a reduction, you may like to visit the Breast Feeding After Reduction website: www.bfar.org

 

Read all the Breast Reduction Surgery Blogs

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In this special series of blog posts, Ayesha Hilton shares with you:

  • The Risks & Benefits of Breast Reduction Surgery
  • The main types of Breast Reduction Techniques
  • Breast feeding after a Breast Reduction
  • How to find a surgeon

Breast Reduction Surgery: A Practical Guide to Breast Reduction Surgery & Recovery

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